When cavities, or small holes, begin to form on your teeth it is important that they be filled as soon as possible. We stress the importance of this because these holes compromise the strength of your teeth, making chips and severe breaks much more likely. Also, since the surface of the tooth has been penetrated, these holes can lead to severe infections to the interior of your tooth, which eventually may lead to a root canal. At Johnson, DDS we have several options available for treating cavities.

Amalgam Fillings

The most traditional, proven method for treating a cavity is by using an amalgam (silver-mercury based) filling. Although there have been some health concerns due to toxicity of mercury there has been no conclusive evidence that amalgams pose any threat when used in dentistry. Today they continue to be popular due to their durability, and they are the best choice for larger cavities that must endure the stresses of heavy chewing.

Composite Fillings

Another option to treat a cavity is to use a composite resin filling. This method is preferred by many because the coloring of the filling can be matched to the natural shade of tooth color, making them (if at all) much less visible than amalgams. They provide significant strength to the restoration, though less than an amalgam, so they are best used on small to mid sized cavities that will endure moderate chewing pressure. Also there is less drilling required for this type of filling, so more of the natural tooth can be preserved.

Ionomer Fillings

Ionomer fillings are made from glass particle mixed with acrylic acids. They are colored to match your natural teeth, so they are practically invisible once placed. Ionomer fillings are the most fragile, which is why they are only implemented on very small cavities, especially cavities affecting on teeth roots. Since these cavities are often very small there is very little drilling required when compare to other types of fillings.

Cavities will usually be identified during a cleaning appointment, and later filled with a follow-up appointment. If you need to schedule a 6-month cleaning, or for need more information on cavity fillings, please call us at 719-527-9098 or contact our office today.